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How Banks will Leverage Blockchain?

Blockchain is one of the exciting and emerging technologies today. In 2015, if we asked people, “What is blockchain?” most would answer, “Isn’t it related to Bitcoin?” Yes, Blockchain is the technology behind Bitcoin, but it can do so much more, which is now becoming clear.

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A report by Expanded Ramblings states that Blockchain can reduce bank infrastructure costs by 30 percent, saving almost $8-12 billion annually.

The complexity of banking processes and blockchain technology’s relative ability to generate the same results effortlessly has led telecom operators to leverage the blockchain movement using mobile payment solutions for revenue generation.

Although Blockchain has great potential in the banking sector, banking services’ underlying penetration issues in emerging markets have created hurdles.

Banking in Emerging Economies

Many emerging economies face multiple hurdles on the way to the digital transformation of banking services:

  • Underdeveloped technology due to smaller markets
  • Weak infrastructure development due to underdeveloped payment systems, customer credit data, telecom, and internet coverage
  • Low penetration of banking services due to cash-dominant transactions
  • Low income and financial literacy levels

Although mobile dominance is seen in these emerging markets, banking is not well connected. Banks can easily capitalize on the portable power in such markets to leverage their services better. Providing banking and mobile payment solutions can ensure better banking penetration.

Figure 1: Mobile-Only Users by Country

Source: Global Web Index

How Banks will Leverage Blockchain? 1

The current banking infrastructure needs are an expensive affair. Banks’ solution is to use blockchain technology because of its compelling market benefits and abundant mobile users.

Where does Blockchain fit in?

Blockchain technology will bring un-banked and under-banked consumers into the financial mainstream by allowing them to perform multiple financial transactions through mobile phones. Such mobile payment solutions include domestic and international money transfers, bill payments, merchant payments, bulk payments, ticketing, savings, loans, and insurance.

This step will help bring the financially underserved into the formal financial mainstream. It has the potential for the banks and telecom operators to monetize this new untapped segment and create long-term loyalty with existing ones.

Telecom frauds have cost operators almost USD 38 billion each year. Blockchain technology can potentially mitigate “roaming fraud” and “identity fraud” for telecom operators.

Banks are investigating various use cases to determine the use of Blockchain to achieve cost benefits. The most prevalent use case that the banks are deploying is intra-bank cross-border transfers. Cross-border remittances, inter-bank cross-border transfers, and corporate payments are a secondary focus of mobile payment solutions.

Some of the significant blockchain benefits in cross-border remittances include:

Blockchain Application… A Challenging Road?

Industry experts say blockchain technology can revolutionize financial transactions, but service providers must overcome several challenges to experience the benefits.

Security is always a Concern!

The most critical challenge remains in data storage. The disadvantage is that data needs to be stored somewhere, and that place remains vulnerable. If someone made a change they were not permitted to make, we would only know there was a problem or inconsistency in the data and nothing more.

People’s Love for Incentive-Based Services!

Some mobile apps with payment features have successfully tied together with their loyalty programs and point redemption. It is seen that most mobile payment services and wallets, not offering enough added value, face a hesitant attitude from the customers. The challenge is how Blockchain will create interest amongst these reluctant customers amidst the vast array of mobile apps with payment features.

Ingrained Behavior…Tough to Change!

Even for mobile pay enthusiasts, reaching for the phone instead of the wallet isn’t an automatic reflex. Consumers forget to pay with their mobile devices. Paying with smartphones or other devices isn’t an ingrained consumer behavior, and hence, blockchain adoption in mobile financial services will see slow growth in the initial years.

Scalability Remains an Issue!

Blockchain technology offers unique benefits, and it is not a platform built and mature enough to handle financial demands in scalability, latency, interoperability, and analytics. Also, the technical details and components are yet to be hardened at scale.

What Does the Future Hold?

The future blockchain market is expected to be worth $20 billion by 2024 (Expanded Ramblings); mobile financial services may find this lucrative enough to create inroads and build additional revenue streams.

Integrated Reward-Based System?

Mobile payments will touch new heights by better understanding consumer requirements and offering tailored services based on that information. Rewards are the biggest reason I prefer ‘Credit Cards’ over other modes of payment. Similarly, bitcoin technology may see a reward-based innovative implementation in the mobile financial service category to win customer loyalty.

Vital Role in KYC!

The fast growth of smartphones has opened up a new communication channel in instant access to their accounts and portfolios, consumers also want to trade and monitor daily economic movements. Another issue that customers hate is filling out the KYC form for each new financial service provider. Blockchain can play a vital role here. This technology will allow multiple parties simultaneous access to a constantly updated digital ledger. Thus, by enabling independent verification of one client by any financial service provider, the information will be stored permanently and accessed by another provider, so the KYC process won’t have to start over again.

Flourishing Smart Contracts

‘Smart Contracts’ will receive a boom due to blockchain applications in mobile financial services. This will be done by executing a code when two parties enter their respective keys, which will, in turn, complete a specific financial transaction.

Capturing the Payment Services

The biggest application will be seen in payment services. Currently, there are many intermediaries in the payment processing system, but Blockchain would eliminate the need for many. It would enable higher security and lower costs to process payments.

Initiative in Social Security System

An example of a blockchain initiative in China relates to its social security system (As per the Gartner report). The industry facilitates transaction costs and trade in the investment and management of social security funds. This will see widespread adoption in other parts since blockchain technology allows parties to carry out direct transactions without intermediaries. Costs can be reduced, and people can share reliable information using distributed ledgers.


Blockchain offers a compelling vision of a possible future because the code describes both a regulatory and an economic system.

A new decentralized financial system with Blockchain could remove the intermediation layers and ultimately insure against risks. The early commercialization of technology can alter the outcomes by opening up the possibility of different financial products.

Early adoption will also open the financial system to currently excluded people, thus lowering the entry barriers and enabling greater competition. The ultimate beneficiary of this development is going to be the end consumer. However, this technology’s success depends very much on the mass adoption of a single blockchain network.

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I work for WideInfo and I love writing on my blog every day with huge new information to help my readers. Fashion is my hobby and eating food is my life. Social Media is my blood to connect my family and friends.
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