As online retail stores increasingly become the destination of choice for many consumers today, pricing strategies must be effectively managed across all channels to ensure fairness across board. With retailers struggling to boost traffic to their online store, many have adopted aggressive price points to attract their ideal consumer. This practice has led to lower average retail price points, largely affecting smaller businesses.
However, with the introduction of MAP (Minimum Advertised Price) and MRP (Minimum Resale Price) into the retail market, manufacturers can now ensure that all retail outlets – online and brick-and-mortar stores – maintain a specific minimum price point, to promote fairness across all sales channels and gain more control over product pricing.
What is Minimum Advertised Price?
Minimum Advertised Price (MAP) is the lowest price point a retailer advertise a product. Agreeing to work with thedoes not necessarily mean that a retailer cannot sell a product for less than the minimum agreed price point, it simply means that the product cannot be advertised for a price less than the minimum amount.
For instance, if Nike has a MAP price of $200 for one of its sneakers, you are not allowed to sell the product lower than $200, whether the advertisement is online or in print.
What is Minimum Resale Price?
Minimum Resale Price (MRP) is a pricing policy set by manufacturers to ensure that retailers sell a product at a certain price, at or above a price point, at the point of sale. MRP policies, according to manufacturers, has similar benefits as MAP and can be used to prevent ‘loss leader selling’. MRP is specifically designed to protect a product’s value against discounting, in order to help brick-and-mortar outlets improve.
Implementation and Enforcement of MAP and MRP
Prior to 2007 in the United States, and 2009 in Canada, the implementation of MAP pricing strategy and MRP policies was considered illegal and anti-competitive. However, with amendments to Anti-Trust Laws in some states in the U.S. and the Competitions Act in Canada, manufacturers are now allowed to implement specific unilateral actions to enforce MAP and MRP policies. Manufacturers now have the legal right to punish retailers by either warning them or even restricting them from selling their products again.
Enforcing MAP and MRP to manage online retail prices has been a big issue for manufacturers, as some have been forced to cut off business ties with valuable retailers. However, for these policies to be enforceable, they must not have any third party influence, and must not be deemed to adversely affect the market. In the long run, however, MAP pricing strategy and MRP policy effectively creates a balance among all resellers by ensuring there is fair competition and a level playing ground for all players in the retail industry.