Extreme Sports – How Much is Too Much?

For the 30 million student-athletes in America, sports can be an excellent way for high school students to build relationships, stay in shape, and learn valuable teamwork skills. But high school sports aren’t always fun and games. With scholarship hopes, parental pressures, and an ultra-competitive atmosphere, some student-athletes may begin to crumble under pressure.


How much should ride on throwing a ball in a basket, hitting a home run, or running fast?

Extreme Sports

In many ways, high school sports have evolved into high-stakes games that put student-athletes under tremendous pressure. It may start in Little League with over-eager dads and coaches lightheartedly inspiring kids’ major-league dreams, but it doesn’t always end there. Student-athletes don’t want to disappoint their parents, teammates, school, or town with high-profile sports.

These pressures are coming at a time when most high schoolers’ confidence and self-image are in question. Children and teens want to live up to the potential that their parents see in them. They also want to ease the burden of college tuition. Earning an athletic scholarship would fulfill both of those goals.

According to The Sports Scholarship Handbook, only 1 in 50 high school athletes receive athletic scholarships. Consider the pressure to be that one and those from schoolwork, other activities, and social lives; that is a lot for a teenager to handle. To be the best, the drive to win can inspire greatness in children and adults alike, but that winner-take-all mentality can also set unrealistic expectations. This kind of mindset can sap the fun out of sports. Rather than create these pressure-filled pastimes, shouldn’t we use high school sports to foster well-rounded young adults?


Physical Dangers

To succeed in high school sports these days, students must commit to one sport and play on club teams all year.

When athletes play one sport day in and day out all year round, they risk damaging joints, tearing muscles, or causing stress fractures due to the constant repetitive movements. Despite these dangers, coaches warn students that they risk their roster spot and any college hopes by playing multiple sports.

A recent study demonstrates the alarming increase in these repetitive stress injuries. The study tracked the number of “Tommy John” surgeries and procedures on pitchers to repair damaged elbow ligaments. The American Sports Medicine Institute, Andrews Sports Medicine and Orthopedic Center, in Birmingham, Alabama, completed it.

“Before 1997, Tommy John surgery was performed on only 12 of 97 patients (12%) who were 18 years or younger,” coauthor and research director E. Lyle Cain, MD, said.

“In 2005 alone, 62 of the 188 operations performed were on high-school athletes, a third of the surgical group,” Cain said. “The reality is that this surgery is successful, and that’s good. But a disturbing trend of younger kids needing the surgery is troubling.”

Playing multiple sports can help athletes be in better physical shape, develop various muscle groups, and keep them from burning out on their chosen sport.

Details Mason agrees in his article for The Guilford Orthopedic and Sports Medical Center titled “Age of Specialization: One Sport Vs. Multiple Sports.”

“Kobe Bryant, Roger Federer, Tom Brady, Lebron James, Alex Rodriguez,” Mason wrote. “When these names are brought up, a few things come to mind: excellence, transcendent talent, winning, but the thought of them specializing in one sport should not. Kobe & Federer were soccer players, Brady played baseball, Lebron played football, and A-Rod played basketball, football, and soccer.”

He ends with advice to parents and coaches: “So allow your child to participate in multiple sports … Participating in multiple sports also allows them to see if they are talented in another sport, less stress on the body, overall athleticism increases, gain more friends & social interaction, and there is less pressure to be perfect.”

In extreme examples, some sports can endanger an athlete’s general health. Whether students try to gain weight for wrestling, stay slim for dance, or bulk up for football, sports can trigger dangerous eating and exercise habits.

The Out-Crowd

High school sports can also create an “in-crowd” mentality that excludes those who don’t cut.

Let’s face it: not all kids are athletic superstars. Does that mean they don’t love the game and want to be a part of the team? Does that mean they should miss out on the social and physical benefits of organized sports? Though some kids stay involved as managers or fans, well-organized recreational options are few and far between.

These exclusions also extend beyond the general skill level. With club sports being an unofficial requirement to make many high school teams, underprivileged students are disadvantaged because they cannot afford the membership fees and travel expenses that club teams require. When try-outs come around, coaches are more likely to favor club players they’ve seen play for years over unknowns who have only practiced on the playground.

John Cochran, a parent from Newton, Mass., argues that all students should be able to play high school sports regardless of skill level.

“Studies have shown that students who participate in high school athletics have higher grade point averages, fewer discipline problems, and greater self-esteem,” Cochran wrote in his editorial for Newton’s Wicked Local newspaper.

“By cutting everyone except the very best players, only a small fraction of students will ever benefit from those [government allocated] resources.” he wrote. “If the prevailing philosophy is taken to its logical conclusion, public high schools should provide inferior educational opportunities to students who are not at the very top of their class.”

The Solution

My goal is not to ban high school sports but to return sports to their original purpose: fun. If we can change the general outlook on these sports – letting kids play multiple sports, refocusing on recreation instead of cutthroat competition, and creating a fair playing field for all would-be athletes – then high schoolers can go out and play.

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