Research shows that Americans alone produce over 220 million tons of waste annually. Simple math will tell you that no country can exceed this number. Thus, in conjunction with environmental associations, the government has developed several methods to deal with waste.
Waste management, a rather complex approach, combines over 20 different industries. By definition, waste management refers to the collection, transporting, and disposing garbage and other waste products, such as sewage. Through waste management, solid waste is treated, and other recycling solutions are explored for those items that do not necessarily need to go to trash.
Waste management is organized at the state level, where it is further devolved into the different counties. For instance, junk removal in Orange County falls under the state of California. When followed through to the grassroots level, waste management brings households and business owners among the key stakeholders.
Methods of Waste Disposal
There are eight major groups of waste management methods in the current classification, which are further divided into numerous other categories. The groups include reduction and reuse, recycling, animal feeding, fermentation, composting, incineration, landfills, and land application. Some of these techniques can be employed right from the homes, while others will need waste transportation to a designated center.
This is one of the common methods used in waste disposal today. It usually consists of throwing garbage in landfills and burying the waste in the land. The temporal problem this solves is eliminating waste from common areas into one designated area. Normally, before the waste is buried in the ground, a process is used to treat it to eliminate any toxicity. The lack of space and landfill gases such as methane have made this disposal method relatively unpopular.
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Also known as incineration, this disposal method involves burning solid wastes at extremely high temperatures to convert them into gaseous products and residue. This method’s advantage is that it reduces the overall volume of debris, thereby decreasing the space taken up. Countries like Japan and the United States have embraced this method to ease pressure on available land.
Recycling and Recovery
While recycling converts waste products into newer products for another round of use, resource recovery is simply taking the discarded items and reusing them either as they are or extracting some materials from them that are still useful. Recycling helps reduce energy usage because the process doesn’t begin from scratch as it would have been with fresh components manufacturing.
This is a rather simple and natural biodegradation process that converts organic waste into nutrient-rich foods for plants. It is one of the common practices in organic farming, and it has been praised for its ability to turn unsafe organic compounds into safer compost. That notwithstanding, it takes a bit of time and space.
The bottom line is for everyone to be sensitive to waste management, from the household to the government administration personnel. Where waste minimization can be done, it should be pursued with all zeal.