In case you were wondering about oil purification systems, you should rest assured these would be best described as solutions for industries based on technology that would be an affordable and great return on investment. These systems would bring in revenue by lending them to other companies for a stipulated price.
Is it green technology?
Contrary to popular belief, the oil purification system has been deemed a green technology that has barely been noticed or brought to major industrial areas. The major problem has been people not realizing the undying feature of oil. The oil would be contaminated. However, there have been several ways specifically designed to get it recycled or purified.
The contaminated oil would infiltrate the ground and penetrate aquifers that have been placed for supplying drinking water. Therefore, there would be heavy and grave damage to the overall health and environment.
Contamination of water
The toxic waste produced by a single oil change could contaminate a million gallons of water easily. The Environmental Protection Agency has issued various guidelines to manage, reuse, and recycle used oil. It has become highly imperative, especially with the worsened changes occurring in the global climate. It would be pertinent to mention here that North America has been consuming nearly 19 million oil barrels a day. In such a figure, the waste oil has been taking up a major share. The industry has been known to make use of almost half of the oil consumption.
It would not be wrong to suggest that waste oil has been handled as a hazardous material based on the chemical composition. As a result, the oil purification systems could assist in changing things through recycling.
Moreover, manufacturers of waste oil would not see the savings entailed. Therefore, they may not be able to realize the need for oil purification. Until the year 2012, merely 5% of industrial plants have believed to restore and reuse oil. However, because of research and awareness, the percentage has increased significantly. Moreover, due to the financial benefits offered by oil purification systems, there has been immense savings in the costs. A good example would be plants and factories not having to pay for hauling the waste oil. They would be given the option to recycle the waste oil.
Impact of on-site oil purification
The onsite oil purification would have a significant impact on the downtime. When the plant has been shut down to repair equipment, a considerable amount would be lost on an hourly basis. The major reason for the failure would be the contaminated oil. Therefore, the purification systems would act as a dialysis machine for all kinds of industrial equipment.
The purification system would be easy to roll over the equipment such as pumps and turbines linked to the system’s carts or wheels. The procedure would get the oil clean of various kinds of contaminants. It would bring it back to the original condition, almost if not entirely. It would help you lower the costs of repairs and downtime. As a result, a majority of industries have started to realize the need for a purification system. These industries could help you save them a huge amount of money in several ways.
Examples of industries using oil purification system:
- Solid waste management operators use the oil purification system for their vehicles and trucks to enhance their lives.
- Huge grid stations and power plants using transformers and turbines would varnish that has been caused due to moisture contamination.
- Cement factories use the systems for heavy machinery.
- Production facilities and processing plants using oil purification systems for large-scale operations.
- Several compressor plants in the gas and oil sectors that do not tolerate contamination use oil purification systems.
What are the physical oil purification methods?
Physical methods would remove only mechanical impurities, including dust, sand, resinous, metallic particles, and coke & carbon materials. In such a manner, the chemical base of the oil that has been processed would not change. In a practical mode, the physical methods, including filtration, sedimentation, fuel distillation, water washing, and centrifugal separation, have gained huge acceptance in the present industry.
- Oil filtration
Oil filtration would be included in the separation of inhomogeneous systems. They would be able to retain a few particles and simultaneously give way to other available particles.
Sedimentation has been deemed to be the initial and imperative stage in the oil purification process. It would be inclusive in dormant sedimentation of mechanical impurities along with water in the suspended state. The greater size, along with the mechanical particles’ particular weight, tends to settle down quickly. It would be pertinent to mention here that the used oil sedimentation process might not always bring you the desired effect. At times, with the increase in the processing time, most impurities would remain in the suspension state.
- Fuel distillation
Fuel distillation would be applicable when the oils from the internal combustion engines would be processed. It would not be easier to acquire the essential viscosity’s oil and the necessary flash-point without fuel distillation. The difference between boiling temperatures of fuel and oil has been the base for fuel distillation. When you actually start heating the used material, both the fuel and the oil would begin to evaporate. When oil fractions begin to evaporate, you should remove the heat.
- Water washing
The method will be applicable if the oils are required to be cleaned from low-molecular water-soluble acids and soaps. However, water washing would not completely restore oil’s overall performance characteristics, especially if it had become relatively old and contaminated. After the acid has been dissolved, the water would be separated from the oil using the separation method.
- Centrifugal separation
Oil separation would imply a centrifugal procedure. The centrifugal forces would exercise pressure on the heaviest particles that would be drawn to the vessel walls. It would form a circular sedimentary horizon. The secondary sedimentation layer would comprise water, and the third would be that of purified oil.
In the event of oil contamination being within the mechanical impurities, it would be adequate for carrying out simple purification. However, if the oil has been highly contaminated, the oil would be processed byusing chemical reagents.