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The Three Types of Fibre Optic Cable, Explained


Here we provide a brief overview of the purpose of the fibre optic cable and why it has advantages over copper wire. Read on to find out more about the different types of fibre optic patch leads or visit MCL Data Solutions to browse online.

Over the years, copper wire usage has decreased as fibre optic cables become a faster, more robust and resistant choice in signal transmission. Take a look below at the advantages of fibre optic over copper…

Fibre Optic Vs Copper Wire

Here are the advantages of fibre optic over copper:

  1. High speeds – fibre optic networks operate at much higher speeds than copper

  2. Transmitted further – fibre optics can surpass distance capabilities of copper

  3. Bandwidth – copper does not have the bandwidth capacity of fibre

  4. Improved resistance – fibre optics have a greater resistance to radios, motors or other nearby disturbances

  5. Cheaper – fibre optic cables are easier to maintain and cost much less to do so

So there are many reasons why fibre optic has slowly been replacing copper wire over the years – not only are they high performance but they are also a more cost effective choice, making it the ideal choice for television services, utility companies and more.

Three Types of Fibre Optic Leads

  1. Single mode fibre optic cable – single mode cables have one mode of transmission and can carry a high bandwidth, with a higher transmission rate. This cable is used when data is sent via WDM (Wave Division Multiplexing) so only one fibre optic cable is required.


  1. Multimode fibre optic cable – this cable has a bigger diameter than the single mode fibre optic cable and is used when you need high bandwidth at high speeds.

  1. POF – POF stands for Plastic Optical Fibre and this is a more recent design, a newer plastic based version of the fibre optic cable which offers similar levels of high performance as glass cables; POF promises the same performance on very short runs, but at a much lower cost.

Today, optical fibres offer a much more effective and efficient choice than copper wires and are used in telephone companies, utility companies, the cable TV industry, in central offices and other commercial establishments.