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Preparing for a Bushfire Evacuation & Learning the Facts

The world saw heartbreaking media images of families who have lost everything in Tasmania and Victoria this summer. Homes and cars were
burned to the ground because of merciless Australian bushfires. Protect your family by learning the facts about bushfires and preparing a plan for evacuation in advance.

Survival Plan & Relocation Kit

If you live in a bushfire-prone region, it is imperative that you prepare an annual bushfire survival plan prior to the bushfire season. Prepare and store your relocation kit in advance for easy access. Download a Bushfire Survival Planning Template and use it as a guide as you take precautionary safety actions, prepare your property and make your relocation kit. During a relocation emergency, your vehicle should be fully tuned-up and securely covered. Compare coverage with Budget Direct’s comparitron and visit a local Firestone or Jiffy Lube for a thorough vehicle inspection. You’ll also want to determine what fire rating will prompt your family to leave and what essentials your family will pack. Keep in mind important contact information and personal documents should be included in your relocation kit.

Monitor the Fire Danger Rating (FDR), forthcoming weather conditions and even social media. Follow @cfa_updates on Twitter and Like CFA on Facebook for fire updates and the latest warnings. The CFA’s FireReady app also delivers up-to-date emergency details and provides safety
advice. According to the Country Fire Authority, more than 370,000 smartphone and tablet users downloaded and rely on the FireReady app.

What Causes a Bushfire

According to Fire and Emergency Services Authority (FESA), for fires to exist there must be three elements:

  • Fuel, such as vegetation, that burns the fire. Remove dry grass or leaves from your home to reduce the risk of your home catching fire.

  • Oxygen, such as wind, for the fire to burn and breathe. A change in wind direction significantly provokes fire behaviour.

  • Fierce or radiant heat that dries vegetation and creates flames—even without the initial presence of a bushfire.

Bushfires are caused by either natural events, accidents or deliberate actions. The Department of Sustainability and Environment (DSE) states that lightning strikes cause approximately 26 percent of all bushfires. When mother nature combines lightning with high temperatures, strong
gusting winds and low rainfall, it’s a recipe for bushfire devastation.

Human activity, such as the following, accounts for an estimated 74 percent of bushfires.

  • Campfires: Never
    leave your fires unattended and always properly extinguish your campfire.

  • Agricultural &
    Vegetation Burns
    : Visit the DSE’s Burning Off on Private Land guide for information about burning during Fire Season.

  • Heat-Generating Equipment
    or Machinery
    : Visit the DSE’s Equipment & Machinery guide for information about “fire regulations and safety precautions.”

  • Deliberate Fires: Help prevent fires started by children playing with matches or farmers maliciously lighting

Combinations of unusually high temperatures, dry terrain, low rainfall and strong winds also add to the carriage of embers. With
dramatic wind shifts, it was inevitable that these bushfires would get out of control, cause serious damage and devastate communities.

Visit, and for more information about Australian
bushfires and how to stay safe and protected.