Though it may not be a particularly appealing chore, performing regular maintenance on a homeis unavoidable for the roughly 60 million Americans served by this type of waste-handling scenario. Septic systems that function as intended can safeguard the surrounding environment by eliminating pollutants from surface waters. This renders large treatment plants unnecessary in many areas of the country. However, when septic systems go without essential maintenance, the consequence can be nasty.
The septic system’s design is relatively straightforward: it comprises a tank that sends material to a drain (leach) field. The intent is that solids and liquid waste will undergo decomposition processes within the tank and ultimately flow to the drain field. At this point, the remaining substance can be absorbed into the surrounding soil.
Unfortunately, when solids do not decompose, they remain inside the tank. Eventually, the accumulation of material will halt the flow toward the leach field. When drains and sinks inside the home begin to slow or clog, cleaning is needed immediately. This involves pumping out the system to eliminate solids that are stuck.
It is wise to have a Homes with a greater number of occupants will require shorter intervals between pump-outs.by a professional every two to three years to identify cracks and leakage. Septic tank pumping frequency is determined by household size, the number of solids accumulated in the wastewater, tank size, and the volume of sewage produced. I am, generally speaking. However, a septic system serving a family of four should be pumped every three years.
Homes equipped with garbage disposals call for annual cleanings because septic systems are not meant to handle food waste. Many people find autumn a great time to perform a septic cleaning, well before the holiday season, when large volumes of waste are created.
In addition to regular cleaning, key prevention steps can also be taken to keep a septic system operating as it should. Users should keep close tabs on the volume of solid material flushed, particularly the type that does not easily decompose. Diapers, wet wipes, paper toweling, and tampons are among the worst offenders, along with used grease, fat, and oil from cooking. These things can plug openings into the leach field, a circumstance that must be avoided.
Homeowners are well advised to restrict flushing to natural waste products and toilet paper only, regardless of whether a given commercial product claims that it is, in fact, flushable. Chemicals and cleaning formulations should never be flushed, as they can disrupt the decomposition process for other materials within the tank. Using the least amount of water possible for daily tasks such as showers and tooth brushing can help make certain that a septic system stays in top condition at all times.