Health

Prevention and Treatment of High Cholesterol

Cholesterol is a component that’s essential for the formation of new cell membranes, certain types of hormones, and vitamin D. It’s a kind of lipid–waxy, fat-like substance that’s naturally produced by the liver. Unlike many bodily senses, cholesterol doesn’t dissolve in water. It can travel across the body through the blood and perform its function.

Health

Cholesterol typically comprises two types of lipoproteins: low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and high-density lipoprotein (HDL). While the former is also known as bad cholesterol, the latter is termed good cholesterol. If present in high quantities, LDL can lead to many health problems, including heart attack and stroke.

LDL Cholesterol or Bad Cholesterol

As stated above, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) is otherwise called the “bad cholesterol.” It typically carries cholesterol to the arteries. If LDL levels are too high in the streets, they develop a thick layer around its walls, causing altered blood circulation and increasing the risk of more blood clots. The buildup is further termed cholesterol plaque.

According to a recent report published by one of the leading disease control and prevention clinics globally, nearly one out of every ten people are diagnosed with a high cholesterol problem. If not treated at the earliest, the condition can turn fatal and increase one’s chances of loving one’s life to the disease.

HDL Cholesterol or The Good Cholesterol

High-density lipoprotein (HDL), commonly known as the “good cholesterol,” helps bring LDL levels back in their prescribed range to avoid any health complications. The lipoprotein prevents the cholesterol plaque buildup in the arteries and assesses blood’s smooth flow across the body.

Healthy HDL cholesterol levels significantly lower the risk of developing blood clots and heart disease sufferers.

Triglycerides – The Third Important Cholesterol Component

Triglycerides are also a kind of lipid. However, they’re quite different from cholesterol components. While the body uses cholesterol to develop new cells and hormones, triglycerides work as its energy source. The body typically produces these components when a person consumes more calories than the body. Excess calories are converted into triglycerides, then stored in the fat cells. An excess of these can increase a person’s risk of developing several heart diseases, stroke, etc.

Symptoms of High Cholesterol

Most physicians claim high cholesterol as a silent problem, which typically surfaces when significant damage has already been done to the body. It doesn’t showcase any signs of its existence in its early phase, and most people realize they have high cholesterol when they’re hit by a corresponding disease such as a heart attack or stroke. This is precisely why physicians recommend routine cholesterol screening, especially after the 30s.

How to lower cholesterol

People with high cholesterol are often recommended a strict lifestyle change to lower their risk of suffering from many related fatal diseases and conditions. For instance, changing one’s diet, exercise regime, and other daily life aspects. People who smoke tobacco products must quit smoking immediately.

Alongside such changes, physicians also prescribe certain medications or related treatments, which further aid in bringing cholesterol levels in range. In some advanced cases, they may recommend a prolonged treatment to ensure cholesterol levels remain in their field and not cause severe damage to the body.

Essential Prevention Tips

Below-mentioned are some smart tips for preventing high cholesterol and lowering the odds of suffering from fatal heart-related diseases:

  • Keep weight in check: Weight plays an important role in how the human body functions. Maintaining the right weight and exercising helps keep many problems, including high cholesterol, at bay.
  • Maintaining BMI: A normal BMI is 18 to 25. If someone has anything below or above this range, they must consult a physician and dietician to seek advice on staying in the field.
  • Avoid junk food and the ones with trans fats.
  • Exercise Moderately: Exercising 30 to 45 minutes a day, five days a week, is ideal for keeping the body in shape and away from diseases.
  • Quit smoking.

Follow a Low-Cholesterol Diet

  • Make meat lean: Red meat is high in saturated fat and cholesterol, andsomoving it from one’s diet is highly recommended. Instead, eat lean meat that has very little visible fat.
  • Switch to Lower-Fat Cuts: Look for lower-fat cuts of various meats. For instance, lean beef includes London broil, the eye of round, and filet mignon; in red meat, go for unprocessed meats rather than processed ones like bacon and sausage, which increase the odds of developing diabetes and heart disease.
  • Remove poultry Skin: It’s the skin where most of the fat is stored. Remove the skin before consuming poultry meat.
  • Seafood is a good Option: Seafood has less fat than other meats. Eating two servings of fatty fish such as salmon, tuna, or mackerel every week can significantly improve heart health. They’re also a good source of omega-3 fatty acids, which are healthy for the body.
  • Limit saturated fat intake: Restrict eating saturated fats such as whole-fat dairy products, mayonnaise, and hydrogenated or partially hydrogenated oils such as stick margarine. Such items usually contain high levels of saturated and trans fats, which can further increase bad cholesterol buildup in the bloodstream.
  • Switch to Liquids: Replace butter and shortening with liquid monounsaturated fats such as olive oil, canola oil, and flaxseed oil. Studies prove that food prepared in monounsaturated fats can lower LDL cholesterol levels in the bloodstream.
  • More Fiber: Adding fiber-rich foods to one’s diet is highly recommended. Good sources of fiber-rich foods include grapefruits, apples, cabbage, barley, carrots, beans and other legumes, and oatmeal.
  • Plant-based foods are Valuable: Foods rich in plant sterols, like nuts, can effectively lower cholesterol levels. Two servings a day can do the magic. To keep cholesterol checked, One can add plant sterols to yogurts, soft margarine, granola bars, and orange juice.
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I work for WideInfo and I love writing on my blog every day with huge new information to help my readers. Fashion is my hobby and eating food is my life. Social Media is my blood to connect my family and friends.
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