An Icelandic canyon made famous with the aid of Justin Bieber has closed to the public after becoming overrun with travelers. At 100 meters deep and coated with steep grassy banks, the Fjaðrárgljúfur Canyon is one in every of South Iceland’s scenic highlights. However, for the reason that gorge featured in Bieber’s music video I’ll Show You in overdue 2015, it has end up famous with a brand new target audience. The wide variety of vacationers touring the canyon boomed from a hundred and fifty,000 to 282,000 between 2017 and 2018; the video has acquired greater than 440 million perspectives on Youtube so far. The gorge changed into firstly planned to shut for 2 weeks to permit for the paths and flora to get over harm caused by excessive foot visitors. However, the Environmental… Register without spending a dime to study this article, or login in your Telegraph account
t can be complicated whilst a person is leaving an activity they have got finished for a long time. They were an vital member of the team, putting in long hours, and making crucial decisions at key moments. You need to mark the truth that their departure is going to force a massive hole through the everyday features of your place of business. So what do you get them as a parting gift? A large card signed through everybody on the workforce? Well sure, glaringly. But you need something extra than that. A large cake and a bottle of fizz from the nearest supermarket? It’s been carried out. A gold watch in a smart case? That’s a chunk old-hat. A T-shirt bearing the legend “if you need me, I’ll be at the golfing path”? It’s quirky, however, do we understand if he performs golf? Is that his element? Are you sure? And then a person has a brainwave. Why not… Endure with me right here men, it is a chunk of a curveball, but it got here to me within the elevate, and Josh thinks it is a remarkable concept. Why do not we rename the capital city after him? Yes, the complete capital metropolis? Whaddya suppose? Is it an excessive amount of? Come on Josh, lower back me up. You said you appreciated it. This likely isn’t pretty the dialogue which happened over a couple of cigarettes subsequent to the fire getaway within the Kazakhstan parliament in advance this week – but the impact is a lot the equal. In case you overlooked it, that is the news that, as of Wednesday, Astana, the capital of this sizable Central Asian kingdom, has been rechristened “Nursultan” – in honor of Nursultan Nazarbayev, who stepped down as president after nearly 29 years inside the role on Tuesday. The move became proposed with the aid of Kassym Jomart-Tokayev, Nazarbayev’s intervening time successor – and turned into unanimously authorized with the aid of the parliament. A surprising decision? Not without a doubt. Nazarbayev was president on account that 1990, prevailing in the first elections in the wake of Kazakhstan’s independence from the disintegrating Soviet Union. He turned into re-elected in April 2015 with a mathematically tremendous 98 in keeping with a cent of the vote. He is regularly referred to as “Leader of the Nation”. Despite his resignation, and age (he is 78), he is staying on in his (very influential) role as chairman of the Kazakh security council. He is a pal of Vladimir Putin. He isn’t always a man who will disappear easily from a political degree. This explains why the moniker exchange for the capital isn’t the restrict of Kazakhstan’s hat-tipping. Cities throughout the USA, such as Shymkent, have commenced renaming streets in tribute.
However, Nursultan-Astana must no longer, perhaps, get too comfortable in its contemporary guise. For one cause, this isn’t the primary time it has needed to order new headed stationery. Although it became based most effective as lately as 1830, its name has changed nearly with the seasons. It commenced lifestyles as a small castle, “Akmoly”. It became “Akmolinsk” as soon as it had grown enough to be considered a city. It graduated to “Tselinograd” in 1961, through which period it turned into regarded as a city. It was “Akmola” in the put up-Soviet sunrise of 1992, earlier than “Astana” (meaning “capital metropolis”) outmoded this in 1998. A 2d, more pertinent motive, is that cities named after well-known figures – specifically figures of political stature – do not continually preserve their allegiance to their eponymous champion. Times alternate, governments fall, and the presidential titan who became the “hero of the people” in a single rose-tinted decade may be the disparaged brand of a discredited generation however years later. The proof is there inside the places beneath, which have all, inside the beyond, worn special identities to those which now stare up at us from the pages of the atlas.
In the highlight: Joseph Stalin. You’ve in all likelihood heard of him. He was the behemoth of a long way-left politics who led the Soviet Union as General Secretary of the Communist Party among 1922 and his death in March 1953. A strongman whose pressure of personality performed a key function in Allied forces winning the Second World War – however a brute and a tyrant whose Great Purge (a marketing campaign of political repression between 1936 and 1938) is thought to have valued the lives of extra than 1,000,000 Soviet residents. What’s in a call? The city now called Volgograd – in south-western Russia – were happily minding its very own business under the call “Tsaritsyn” from its second of foundation (in around 1555) – and owed its identification, in an extra easy time, to its position at the banks of the River Tsaritsa. But it becomes re-named in 1925 – at a time when the Soviet Union’s new leader was consolidating his energy – in connection with Stalin’s position in its “defense” towards anti-communist forces at some stage in the Russian Civil War of 1917-1922.
What came about? Mortality. After he died, Stalin was succeeded by means of Nikita Khrushchev, who added in a sequence of sweeping reforms occasionally called “De-Stalinisation”. This included another call exchange for Stalingrad, which became Volgograd – due to its region on some other River, the Volga – in November 1961.
In the highlight: Vladimir Lenin. Again, you’ve got heard of him. He became the socialist firebrand whose impassioned rhetoric changed into one of the key catalysts for the Russian Revolution in 1917. He could go directly to lead the Soviet Union till his dying in 1924. What’s in a call? The game of political football that saw Russia’s 2nd metropolis renamed 3 times inside the 20th century became a metaphor for the turbulence of the technology. The town in question became, of course, founded in 1703 because of the dream metropolis of Tsar Peter the Great (Peter I) – who wanted a European-style capital at the west edge of his enormous state. His fantasy might be fulfilled amid a flurry of palaces and church buildings. But although St Petersburg turned into named no longer for its creator, for the apostle, it would fall prey to the tides of revolution 2 hundred years after its arrival at the map. It has become “Petrograd” in 1914 – due to the fact, as bullets started out to fly in the First World War, “St Petersburg” become deemed to sound too German. Then came the autumn of the monarchy. “Leningrad” turned into born amid the communist fervor of 1924 – five days after the frail Lenin had died of headaches from his 0.33 stroke. What came about: The eventual collapse of the Soviet Union. The city reverted to its unique call in October 1991. However, its “other” call will always linger inside the Russian psyche, way to the “Siege of Leningrad” and the resistance of its population to German assault in one of the Second World War’s bloodiest episodes (1941-1944).
In the spotlight: John Hughes, a Welsh businessman who – in what it an awesome story – founded a city in what became then Russia, but is now eastern Ukraine, in 1870. What’s in a name? Even by means of the requirements of the Industrial Revolution, Hughes loved an impressive career. The son of an ironworks engineer, he changed into born in Merthyr Tydfil in 1814 and rose quickly – owning a foundry in Newport by 1850. He becomes working in London later that decade, helping to clad warships for the Royal Navy – earlier than a fee from the Russian government took him east. He changed into charged with putting in an ironworks on a website north of the Black Sea. He did so with such speedy achievement that, by the point, he died in 1889, the agreement had come to be a metropolis that bore his call.
What came about? The same Soviet ethos which swept Stalingrad and Leningrad inside and outside of existence. Hughesovka has become Stalino in 1924 (no prizes for guessing the foundation), and Donetsk in 1961 (again, as a part of Khrushchev’s De-Stalinisation manner) – taking on a brand new identity pinned to the River Donets. It changed nationality with Ukrainian independence in 1991 – even though has been mired in the civil struggle since 2014. Lourenço Marques Now higher referred to as Maputo In the spotlight: Lourenço Marques, a Portuguese navigator who performed a top role in his country’s explorations along the east coast of Africa during the 16th century. What’s in a name? In 1545, Marques pointed he deliver into Delagoa Bay (Maputo Bay) – the big herbal harbor at what’s now (quite a great deal) the south end of Mozambique’s long shoreline on the Indian Ocean. It might be some other centuries before a town commenced to sprout at the water’s side, developing regularly round a citadel mounted in 1787. But when it did so, it took on the name of the sailor who “found” the website online.