Almost every single person has some kind of issue with their appearance. Most of these issues are often concerned with the colour and structure of the face. While some may think the colour of their skin is too dark or too light, others may have problems with pigmentation in different parts of the skin. Bear in mind that there is no sure shot way to change the colour of all of your skin as it is something that you are biologically born with, as a result of genetics and the amount of melanin present in the skin cells.
The names of the cells that produce melanin are melanocytes. The more melanin in your skin, the darker your skin will be. The condition in which there is too much melanin is known as hyperpigmentation and the converse is known as hypopigmentation. When there is an unequal distribution of melanin in the body, it results in skin disorders known as pigmentation disorders. One of the most common types of pigmentation disorders is melisma which is caused by severe hormonal imbalances. This hormonal imbalance could be naturally present in the body or a result of a large dosage of birth control pills. This disorder results in the development of dark blotches on the face and is most commonly seen in the younger generations of white women. This disorder is not something to excessively worry about as it is seen to fade away with time.
Conversely, hormonal imbalances in dark skinned people result in the formation of white or light coloured blotches. A severe form of this is known as vitiligo and this is a life-long disorder that has no permanent cure as such.
There are less severe forms of skin disorders that are a result of over exposure to the sun’s rays which result in dark spots on the skin. These spots are known as “liver spots” or “age spots” and can be prevented by shielding the skin from the sun.
If you suffer from a skin pigmentation disorder, you may be able to address it by using creams and gels that you can buy from your skin pharmacy. Before you start using any of these products however, make sure that you check the ingredients as well as seek a doctor’s opinion to ensure that you do not suffer from any adverse side effects. One ingredient that is carcinogenic and should be avoided is hydroquinone. On the other hand, a good ingredient that is seen to help with skin lightening is ‘alpha arbutin’.
If you do not want to spend too much money on skin lightening creams, you can try natural alternatives like regularly exfoliating. This will flush out the components of your skin that create dark spots and will remove excessive pigmentation. Even if this does not result in permanent removal of the dark spots, it will definitely lighten the spots and give you clearer, smoother, and softer skin. If you have extremely dry skin, do not scrub your skin too much as this can have its own adverse effects.
In more extreme cases, you might have to go in for laser surgery or for a process called microdermabrasion in which they will break down the skin cells. But, these procedure are extremely expensive and you will have to find a proper, professional surgeon who can help you.